The “Other Renaissance” in Naples and Sicily
This is Sicilian artist Antonello da Messina’s painting of the Virgin Mary, who has just learned of her destiny from the Angel Gabriel…
Antonello da Messina Virgin Annunciate
Antonello da Messina St. Jerome in his Study
Antonello’s Portrait of a Man in the National Gallery in London:
Antonello was a great artist who lived during the Renaissance, but Sicily’s past stretches far before that into the depths of time…
The fertile island in the middle of the Mediterranean was inviting to settlers
Nasa satellite image of the Island of Sicily with Etna erupting
Despite the forbidding presence of an active volcano…
First there were the Phoenicians who came in their ships and settled along the coast of the island as early as 800 BCE.
Then came the Greeks…
Ancient Greek temple at Segesta
Ancient Greek temple of Hera at Selinunte
Greek Sicilian vase 5th century BCE
After the Greeks, the Romans developed vast latifundia (plantations) in the center of the island
Some scenes from mosaics in the ancient hunting lodge of Villa Casale in Piazza Armerina where Romans went for rest and relaxation:
Like Sicily, the southern portion of the Italian Peninsula was colonized by the Ancient Greeks, who called the region Magna Graecia
In the 7th century BCE the Greeks founded a settlement named Parthenope, later rebuilt and a new city was built on the site, which was dubbed Neapolis, today known as Naples.
View of the Bay of Naples from Sorrento
Later incorporated into the Roman Empire, Naples became a thriving center of culture and the arts, with many aristocratic villas.
Here is the location of the Villa built by the Emperor Tiberius on the nearby Island of Capri
Villa Jovis, where the Emperor Tiberius lived from 27-37 CE
Hovering over the Bay of Naples is Mt. Vesuvius, an active volcano.
When Vesuvius erupted in 79 CE it devastated the region, burying the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum and much of the population as well.
Ancient Roman Fresco from Villa of the Mysteries, Pompeii
Other troubles awaited the mezzogiorno in the wake of the fall of the Western Roman Empire.
There were invasions:
First the Vandals, then the Goths, and then the Greeks.
Justinian I, Basilica of San Vitale, Ravenna
Under the rule of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian in 541 there was a devastating plague
In 529 Benedict of Nursia had founded the remote hilltop monastery of Montecassino
The restored Benedictine Abbey of Montecassino
In locations like this, traditions of learning were kept alive.
By the 7th century, as it began to recover, the mezzogiorno became something of a melting pot with its variety of cultural influences.
Arabic paintings on the walls of the Palazzo dei Normanni in Palermo, Sicily
Church of San Cataldo, Palermo
Arabic inscription on column, Martorana, Palermo
The Norman Roger II being crowned King of Sicily
Copyright © 2011-2017 www.lisakaborycha.com | All Rights Reserved